How to frame a P.G Dissertation Synopsis or Protocol

The P.G Dissertation Synopsis is the initial set of ideas for a research during the course of study. It is a detailed set of activities for the project you propose and these activities are supported by evidence from other research and from your preliminary investigations. It is a valuable practical timetable and guide to your activities and shows some foresight into what you are trying to achieve.

It should be concise and must address the question of what you plan to achieve, why you want to and how you are going to do it.

In preparing a synopsis, the first thing that you have to do is to decide what it really is that you want to know more about. The questions that you want to research have to be viable as a research study and lead to the creation of new knowledge and understanding.

The P.G Student shall submit the synopsis along with certificates of the technical and ethical committee within 6 months from the date of start of the course.

General format or structure for a P.G. Dissertation Synopsis as follows:

Name of the investigator
E-mail address of the Principal Investigator
Affiliation of the Principal Investigator (Institution attached)
Certificate from the HOD/Head of Institution.
Details of Guides and Co-guides, if any
Details of Co-investigators, if any
Details of collaboration with other institutions, if any.
Address and Phone number for communications

Research Protocol:

1. Title - should be concise and descriptive

2. Introduction, including Rationale of the study - The rationale for research is a set of reasons offered by a researcher for conducting more research into a particular subject either library research, descriptive research, or experimental research.

3. Review of Literature - an evaluative report of information found in the literature related to your selected area of study. The review should describe, summarise, evaluate and clarify this literature. It should give a theoretical base for the research and help to determine the nature of the research

4. Materials & Methods (Methodology), including
  • Research Question – formulate an answerable question that is clear and sufficiently well defined/focused on doing the research implied within an appropriate time frame
  • Aim and Objectives - Outline concise and precise objectives that should follow on from the hypothesis
  • Hypothesis (if any) - Null Hypothesis, Alternate Hypothesis
  • Study Design - What study design is most appropriate to answer your particular research question?
  • Setting - Where will the research take place? Your study may take place in a number of different sites
  • Sampling - Sample size, Inclusion criteria, Exclusion criteria, Sampling procedure
  • Methods including - Methods of data collection (What data will be collected and why. Eg: how will you measure your participant’s quality of life, what instruments will you use and are they the most appropriate? If you are using any equipment it should be clearly described), Outcome measurement - The measurement outcomes used to support or reject the hypotheses can be stated and separated into primary and secondary outcomes
5. Plan of Analysis - A description of the study intervention should be provided. If you are giving a treatment or investigation, the dose, timing, method of providing, administering and receiving the treatment should be detailed. All necessary safeguards and potential risks should be made clear, including the methods by which intervention will be monitored

6. Policy implications, if any

7. References - the internationally accepted style eg: Vancouver style

8. List of collaboration or held from consultants, if any- willingness certificate.

9. Acknowledge any help from others.

10. Budget, if a funding agency/fund from outside, is involved.

11. Annexures
  • Instruments of Measurement/recording value of variables, like Performa, Questionnaire, Scales, Scores, Actual Physical instruments, Others.
  • Consent forms - in English and Local Language. Consent forms to be identical, checked by translation and back translation from one language to other
NB:
  • The protocol that resembles (exactly or very closely) any previously done study, are liable to be rejected.
  • Fonts type: Times New Roman/Arial/Tahoma
  • Size of characters: for the titles should be 14 and Bold, the subtitles should be 12 and bold and 12 for the main text (not in bold).
  • Spacing: 1.5 in lines
  • Margin: left-hand margin must be at least 3.81 cm(1.5 inches). Other margins should be 2.58cm(1inch)
  • File Format: PDF, odt, docx or doc (MS Word Document) extension

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